World Health Organization, World Malaria Report 2011, Geneva, 2011.
Between 2000 and 2010, deaths due to malaria* declined 26% worldwide : there were 885,135 deaths in 2000 against 655,000 in 2010 (for 216 million episodes of malaria identified), according to the World Malaria Report 2011 published by the World Health Organization.
This reduction is obviously great news and for all continents. In Africa, the number of deaths due to malaria was 596 000 in 2010 against 774,000 in 2000 (down 33%, more than 170,000 fewer deaths in ten years). We observe also 55% fewer cases in the Americas (1000 deaths in 2010 against more than 2,000 a decade earlier), and 42% fewer among Pacific countries (2000 in 2010 against 3,125 in 2000) .
But such reductions should not obscure the devastation that always cause malaria, mainly in Africa. In 2010, 91% of those who died of malaria in the world lived in Africa, and 81% of all episodes of malaria (174 million) have been identified in Africa. Conversely, the WHO estimates that Europe is becoming the first region of the world to completely eradicate the disease in its territory under the very low number of cases (less than 1000). Finally, the disease mainly affects the weakest people : 86% of those who died in 2010 were children aged under 5.
* Malaria is an infectious disease that is transmitted via the bites of mosquitoes. The data presented by WHO are estimates based on segments of the population considered at risk. It should therefore be taken with caution.
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