35% of the migrant population are at the risk of poverty or social exclusion in Europe  in comparision to 20% of people living where they were born, according to a Eurostat report on the living conditions of migrants in Europe (see below). The at-risk-of-poverty-rate of migrants born in another European Union country is at 21%.
In Belgium the gaps concerning the at-poverty-risk are the most significant : 51% of the migrants are affected, compared to 13 % for those born in Belgium. The gap is also significant in Finland (43% versus 13%), in Sweden (37% versus 10%) or even in France (40% versus 10%). In Germany (33% versus 19%) and in Portugal (28% versus 22%) these disparities are however inferieur to the European average.
This gap may partially be explained by the disparities in the access to employment. In Europe, 10% of the migrant population are unemployed and 34% are overqualified  for their job. For persons living in the coutry where they were born the unemployment rate is at 6% and the overqualification rate at 19%. Those figures date from 2008 : it is likely that the economic crisis and the rise in unemployement has accentuated the gaps and levels of disparitiy.
|Please click below to read the European Commission’s report "Migrants in Europe, A statistical portrait of the first and second generation", Eurostat Statistical books, 2011 |