Anna Rybrowska & Micha Schneider, "Housing conditions in Europe in 2009", Eurostat, April 2011.
In 2009, 6% of the EU population suffered from severe housing deprivation*, that is to say about 30 million people. Access to good quality and affordable accommodation is a fundamental need and a right. But meeting this need is still a significant challenge in a number of European Union countries. Poor housing conditions point to a risk of poverty and social exclusion.
There disparities in housing conditions between countries. Severe housing deprivation rate is less than 1% in Netherlands or in Finland. By contrast, the same rate in Romania is about 28.6%. In all European countries, people living below the poverty line (less than 60% of national median income) are more supposed to be the victim of housing deprivations.
*The severe housing deprivation rate corresponds to the share of the population living in a dwelling which is considered as overcrowded, while also exhibiting at least one of the housing deprivation measures. Housing deprivation is a measure of poor amenities and is calculated by reference to households with a leaking roof, neither a bath, nor a shower, nor an indoor flushing toilet, or a dwelling considered too dark.
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